JWN Historic District Task Force

 


The JWN Historic District Task Force
Joanna Bell, Sandra Bishop, Stephanie Coopman, Sue Cummings, Mary Farrington, Kathy Grey, David Gusset,  Dave Hurst, Rene Kane, Penelope Melquist, Marty Moran, Alice Parman, Rockey Sigloh, Charlotte Young


Donate to help us Reach the Next Step in this Exciting Exploratory Project

Our goal is to raise $3000 by March 1 to develop informational materials, engage neighbors and stakeholders in discussions, and hire two respected local historic preservation experts for guidance and training. Neighborhood volunteers will complete nearly all the work. Please donate what you can afford as we launch this project. Consider joining the JWN Historic District Task Force. Without neighborhood support, a historic district can’t become a reality.

To Make a Tax-Deductible Donation! To donate online, go to the project’s GoFundMe page at gofundme.com/f/jwn-historic.

If you would rather write a paper check, xontact Ted Coopman, JWN Chair, at jwneugene@gmail.com for Instruction son where to drop it off. Make checks payable to Eugene Neighbors Inc. and put “JWN Hist Dist” in the memo. ENI is a non-profit umbrella organization that allows donations to neighborhood associations to be tax deductible.

Thank You For Your Support!


Past updates: An initial call for volunteers resulted in more than 10 neighbors stepping up to work on research and outreach for a potential historic district. The next phase involves updating the 1996 survey of buildings and homes in the JWN and other outdated records and compiling information on proceeding. Note that we’re in the early fact-finding stage of a process that likely will take two years. In addition, an historic district designation required a majority vote of property owners in the district.

We have identified historic preservation experts who will work with us. The historic district task force members are exploring possible grant funding sources.


Future Past: Jefferson Westside Historic Preservation Project

We live in a historic neighborhood! The National Trust defines houses, apartments, and other buildings as historic when they are 50 years old or older. A 1991 report about Eugene’s history included this about our area: “Potentially significant [historic] resources are liberally distributed…from all periods of the neighborhood’s development.”  Jefferson Westside Neighbors (JWN) has formed a task force to explore the possibility of creating one or more historic districts within our boundaries.

Historic districts produce many positive outcomes, such as:

  • Increased community participation and commitment to the neighborhood.
  • Greater diversity in residents’ income levels, consistent with what we have in the JWN.
  • Stabilized property values, more reinvestment, affordable housing, and job creation.

Several facts dispel common misconceptions about historic preservation and historic districts:

  • Historic preservation means maintaining the neighborhood’s character, not keeping everything the way it is or was. Projects that need a building permit are reviewed by the planning department to ensure compatibility and overall fit with the neighborhood.
  • Historic districts promote diversity because of built-in advantages: a mix of housing, good access to public transit, and built-in social infrastructure. That’s the JWN!
  • Historic districts include a mix of housing. The JWN has a large share of the city’s affordable middle housing and historic rental properties.

Our next step in this exploratory effort is to retain the services of two experienced and respected historic preservation experts, Jonathan Pincus and Liz Carter, to guide our volunteer/unpaid research and to help us determine whether the JWN should apply for historic district status. Jonathan and Liz are longtime residents of the area who have worked closely with the Eugene Planning Department and other local, regional, and national clients.


Find Information on your own Historic Home!

In 1996 the city of Eugene Conducted a Cultural Resource Survey for Historical Homes including date built and other architectural data.

  1. Go to http://heritagedata.prd.state.or.us/historic/
  2. Enter the city, street, number, and direction (if it does not work, try just the street)
  3. The results are at the bottom, select “form.”
  4. The form will contain some basic information
  5. To get the full entry, look under Scanned Document Links and select “Inventory Form”
  6. The PDF will download.

Did you know that over 60% of the existing structures in the JWN in 1975 were built before 1936?


Historic Districts are Identified By 3 Key Concepts

  • Historic Significance: historical, architectural, archeological, engineering, or cultural values
  • Historic Integrity: evident through historic qualities including location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association
  • Historic Context: 50+ years old; significant when evaluated in relationship to major trends of history in a district’s community, state, or the nation

Historic Significance

Must meet at least one of these criteria:

  • Association with historic events or activities,
  • Association with important persons,
  • Distinctive design or physical characteristics, or
  • Potential to provide important information about prehistory or
    history.

In addition to historic significance, historic districts must demonstrate historic integrity and important historic context.

Historic District Outcomes

  • Promotes active community participation and creates a bond among
    community members.
  • Rehabilitating historic buildings is cost-effective and conserves energy.
  • Demonstrates public commitment to an area.
  • Significant and ongoing economic impact beyond the project itself.
  • Historic residential neighborhoods accommodate a mix of household
    incomes.
  • Stabilizes neighborhoods through maintaining property values,
    encouraging reinvestment, and providing housing and jobs.

Did you know that most of the trees in the core area are the result of large-scale public tree planting campaigns in the 1870s, 1880s and 1890s and in the early twentieth century?


Common Misconceptions About Historic Districts

• Property values are frozen or reduced when historic districts are created.
[In fact, the value of property tends to rise]
• Historic preservation prevents diversity.
[In reality, historic districts support a mix of household incomes]
• New construction is better.
[the quality of wood and the craftsmanship simply n longer exist]
• Tearing down old buildings and replacing them with new ones, such as multiplexes,
results in more affordable housing.
[the cheapest, greenest home is one that already exists. The combined cost of purchase, demolition, and construction makes new un-subsidized development prohibitively expensive]
• Replacing old houses is less expensive than preserving them.
[False! The ROI on renovation is much higher than new construction]
• Historic preservation makes housing unaffordable.
[Historic preservation has no impact on affordability]
• Historic preservation means keeping a house exactly how it was when it was built.
[Incorrect! Preservation is about character  – homes have always evolved over time – and that is part of the historical context]
• Historic districts exclude middle housing.
[A lot of so-called middle housing is itself historic and many lager older homes have been converted to multifamily dwellings. Oregon law prohibits excluding middle housing in historic districts]


Jefferson Westside Historic District Task Force Report

The JWN Historic District Task Force Report presented and discussed the project at the October 11 JWN General Meeting, 6:30-8:30pm, via Zoom.

Presentation Slides can be found here: hdtf-10-11-22.pdf

The recording of the Zoom meeting can be accessed here [Passcode: #?7PMxt5]. The first 30 minutes are general updates and announcements and the JWHDTF presentation and Q&A start at 30 minutes and last 45 minutes.

Important Note: This report is just the initial step in exploring the concept. No decision to proceed beyond this step has been made. For this imitative to move forward there would have to be both neighborhood buy-in and a committed group of volunteers to see it through. The JWN Board and the Task Force do not have the ability to execute such a project on their own.

Background

Jefferson Westside Neighbors and areas west of the downtown commercial district are the oldest neighborhoods in Eugene. Most homes range from the 19th century up to the 1940s. Examples range from palaces like the 1891 Queen Anne Victorian at Taylor and W. 10th to more modest and ubiquitous Craftsman bungalows built in the early 20th century like the beautiful 1920 home above. Combined with our larger old tree canopy, Jefferson Westside Neighbors is the historic heart of Eugene.

This from the City’s Historic Preservation webpage:

Preserving Eugene’s History
Eugene’s older neighborhoods and houses are a critical part of our city’s history and character. Just as the Willamette River, Skinner and Spencer Buttes, and the Cascades define Eugene’s natural surroundings, our historic neighborhoods of settlement era houses, modest bungalows, and stately craftsman homes trace Eugene’s history and help define the character of the city and of the Northwest. The purpose of Eugene’s Historic Preservation Program is to increase public awareness of this history and character and to facilitate preservation, restoration and rehabilitation of historic structures, landscape features, and other culturally significant physical objects and geographic areas.

In an attempt to avoid the fate of other older urban neighborhoods that have succumbed to infill redevelopment, such as the two 100+ year old Craftsman homes destroyed to build the massive fourplex on W. 15th and Olive, the JWN is forming a task force to explore the possibility of creating a historic district. Preserving older homes is not only important to our culture and heritage, but is environmentally sound, as an older home’s carbon debt has long since been paid. Upgrading an existing structure for energy efficiency is far less carbon intensive, and more effective, as demolishing a home and building a new house.

Preservation is not about preventing density – we are already the second densest neighborhood with a huge inventory of middle housing – much of it historic like the Lincoln School Condos. Preservation is about protecting the neighborhood’s historic character and context and putting that front and center for any new development.

Resources